UPSC NDA 1 Syllabus 2024 | Paper 1 & 2 Exam Pattern, Subject-wise Syllabus, Weightage

UPSC NDA 1 Syllabus 2024: आयोग 21-04-2024 को एनडीए 1 परीक्षा आयोजित कर रहा है। इसके लिए यूपीएससी ने 20 दिसंबर 2023 से ऑनलाइन आवेदन शुरू कर दिए हैं। UPSC NDA exam paper will consist of Mathematics, Physics Chemistry, etc in which the weightage (approximately) will be as Physics – 25%, Chemistry – 15%, General Science – 10%, History, Freedom Movement – 20%, Geography – 20%, Current Event – 10%. Candidates who are going to appear for the NDA & NA (I) Examination 2024, can check here detailed exam pattern, syllabus, marks distribution etc.


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UPSC NDA 1 Syllabus 2024 Overview

Name of the Exam National Defence Academy (NDA)
Exam Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission, UPSC
Frequency of Exam Twice in a Year (April & September)
Selection Criteria
  • Written Exam consisting of Objective Type Questions
  • Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB)
Mode of exam Pen and Paper Based (Offline mode)
Papers in the NDA exam Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT)
Marking Scheme
  • Mathematics: 300 Marks
  • GAT: 600 Marks
Total No. of Questions
  • Mathematics: 120
  • GAT: 150
Exam Duration 2.5 Hours For Each Paper
Medium of NDA exam English & Hindi

(English Language paper has to be attempted in English)

Online Registration Start Date

For NDA NA (I) – 20 December 2023

Online registration Last Date

 For NDA NA (I) – 09 January 2024
NDA NA 1 Exam Date 21-04-2024

UPSC NDA 1 Selection Procedure 2024

Selection of candidates will be based on the following stages. You have to clear each stage to appear in the next stage.

  • Written Examination: Pen and Paper Test
  • Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview
  • Document Verification
  • Medical Examination

UPSC NDA 1 Exam Pattern 2024

  • Type of Question: Objective Type only
  • Language: Bilingual (Hindi and English)
  • Duration: 2 Hours 30 Minutes for each exam (Total Time – 5 Hours)
  • Use only a Black ball pen in the OMR Sheet. Candidates are not allowed to use another color pen, pencil, or Ink pen in the exam.
  • Calculators, Mathematical or Logarithmic tables are not allowed
  • You should know that any omission/mistake/discrepancy in encoding/filling of details in the OMR Sheet about the Test Booklet Series Code and Roll Number will render the answer sheet liable for rejection.

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UPSC NDA Exam Pattern 2024


Subject Mark per question No. of Questions

Maximum marks

Paper 1 Mathematics 2.5 marks 120 300
Paper 2 GAT 4 marks 150 600




Read Also..

UPSC NDA 1 SSB Pattern 2024

एसएसबी साक्षात्कार में 2 चरण की चयन प्रक्रिया शामिल होती है यानी चरण 1 और चरण 2। First candidates have to clear Stage 1 to get into Stage 2. There will be three different assessors: The Interviewing Officer (IO), the Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist to assess the candidates. The Duration of the SSB Interview will be 5 Days.

Stage 1: OTR (Officer Intelligence Rating)

  • Picture Perception
  • Description Test (PP&DT)

Stage 2:

  • Interview,
  • Group Testing Officer Tasks,
  • Psychology Tests
  • Conference

UPSC NDA 1 Syllabus 2024

यहां हमने दोनों पेपरों के लिए विस्तृत यूपीएससी एनडीए 1 सिलेबस 2024 प्रदान किया है। आप यहां गणित, भौतिकी, भूगोल, इतिहास, रसायन विज्ञान आदि के विषय और उप-विषय देख सकते हैं।

UPSC NDA Paper 1 Syllabus 2024

पेपर 1 के लिए यूपीएससी एनडीए पाठ्यक्रम गणित पाठ्यक्रम है। पूरा पाठ्यक्रम कक्षा 12वीं के स्तर पर आधारित है। आप कक्षा 11 और 12 की एनसीईआरटी किताबों से अपनी तैयारी शुरू कर सकते हैं।


Subtopics of UPSC NDA Maths Syllabus


  • Concept of set, Operations on Sets, Venn Diagrams.
  • De Morgan Laws, Cartesian Product, Relation, Equivalence Relation.
  • Representation of real numbers on a line.
  • Complex numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity.
  • Binary system of numbers.
  • Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice versa.
  • Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Progressions.
  • Quadratic equations with real coefficients.
  • Solution of linear equations of two variables by graphs.
  • Permutation and Combination.
  • Binomial theorem and its applications.
  • Logarithmic and their applications

Matrices and Determinants

  • Types of matrices, operations on matrices.
  • Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants.
  • Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.


  • Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.
  • Trigonometric ratios – Sine, Cosine, Tangent, Cotangent, Secant and Cosecant.
  • Trigonometric identities formulae (Sum and Difference).
  • Use of trigonometric tables.
  • Multiple and Sub multiple angles
  • Inverse trigonometric Functions
  • Applications Height and distances, properties of triangles.

Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions

  • Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system.
  • Distance formula.
  • Equation of a line in various forms.
  • The angle between two lines.
  • Distance of a point from a line.
  • Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form.
  • Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.
  • Eccentricity and axis of a conic.
  • Point in a three-dimensional space, distance between two points.
  • Direction Cosines and direction ratios.
  • Equation two points.
  • Direction Cosines and direction ratios.
  • Equation of a plane and a line in various forms.
  • The angle between two lines and angle between two planes.
  • Equation of a Sphere


  • Concept of a real-valued function – domain, range and graph of a function.
  • Composite functions, one-to-one, onto and inverse functions.
  • Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples.
  • Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions.
  • Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications.
  • Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, Derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function.
  • Second-order derivatives.
  • Increasing and decreasing functions.
  • Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

  • Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions.
  • Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications.
  • Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples.
  • A general and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types – examples.
  • Application in problems of growth and decay.
Vector Algebra
  • Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector.
  • Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors.
  • Vector product and cross product of two vectors.
  • Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
Statistics and Probability: Statistics
  • Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution – examples.
  • Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, Frequency Polygon – examples.
  • Measures of Central tendency – Mean, Median and Mode.
  • Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison.
  • Correlation and regression.
  • Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events.
  • Union and Intersection of Events.
  • Complementary, elementary and composite events.
  • Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples.
  • Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems.
  • Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems.
  • Random variable as function on a sample space.
  • Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomials distribution.

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UPSC NDA Paper 2 Syllabus

यूपीएससी एनडीए जीएटी पाठ्यक्रम 2024 को दो उप-खंडों में विभाजित किया गया है: अंग्रेजी और सामान्य ज्ञान। पेपर 2, जनरल एप्टीट्यूड टेस्ट (GTA) का उद्देश्य इतिहास, करंट अफेयर्स, पर्यावरण आदि पर उम्मीदवारों के बुनियादी ज्ञान का परीक्षण करना है। कुल प्रश्नों की संख्या 150 होगी, जिनमें से 50 प्रश्न अंग्रेजी से पूछे जाएंगे।

UPSC NDA Syllabus for English

अंग्रेजी के प्रश्न उम्मीदवार की विषय की दक्षता और समझ का परीक्षण करने के लिए निर्देशित होते हैं।

Topics Sub-topics for UPSC NDA GAT Syllabus
Grammar and Usage
  • Parts of speech: Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, Interjection
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Tenses: Present, Past, Future
  • Active and passive voice
  • Coherence and unity: Theme, Idea, Paragraph, Sentence Structure
  • Vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, One-word substitution, Idioms and Phrases, Words often confused
  • Comprehension of a given passage
  • Drawing of inferences
  • Use of vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, One-word substitution, Idioms and Phrases, Words often confused


  • Simple sentence structure
  • Punctuation: Comma, Full stop, Question Mark, Exclamation Mark, Apostrophe
  • Conjunctions: Coordinating, Subordinating
  • Adverbs and Prepositions
  • Direct and indirect speech
  • Comparison: Degrees of comparison
  • Articles: Definite and Indefinite Articles
  • Verbs: Auxiliary, Modal, Regular and Irregular verbs
  • Sentence correction: Spotting Errors, Sentence Improvement

UPSC NDA GK Syllabus

सामान्य ज्ञान को भौतिकी, रसायन विज्ञान, सामान्य विज्ञान, भूगोल आदि में विभाजित किया गया है।GK प्रश्न विषय के ज्ञान और समझ को जांचने के लिए पूछे जाते हैं।

UPSC NDA Syllabus for General Knowledge

NDA Syllabus for Physics

  • Physical Properties and States of Matter
  • Modes of transference of Heat
  • Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their properties
  • Simple musical instruments
  • Rectilinear propagation of Light
  • Density and Specific Gravity
  • Reflection and refraction
  • Principle of Archimedes
  • Spherical mirrors and Lenses
  • Pressure Barometer
  • Human Eye
  • Motion of objects
  • Natural and Artificial Magnets
  • Velocity and Acceleration
  • Properties of a Magnet
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Earth as a Magnet
  • Force and Momentum
  • Static and Current Electricity
  • Parallelogram of Forces
  • Conductors and Non-conductors
  • Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Gravitation
  • Simple Electrical Circuits
  • Elementary ideas of work
  • Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of Current
  • Power and Energy
  • Measurement of Electrical Power
  • Effects of Heat
  • Primary and Secondary Cells
  • Measurement of Temperature and Heat
  • Use of X-Rays
  • General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

UPSC NDA 1 Syllabus for Chemistry

  • Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems).
  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
  • Acids, bases and salts.
  • Carbon— different forms
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
  • Elements
  • Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gunpowder
  • Mixtures and Compounds
  • Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
  • Symbols, Formulae, and simple Chemical Equation
  • Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
  • Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
  • Valency
  • Properties of Air and Water

UPSC NDA Syllabus for General Science

  • Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention
  • Difference between the living and non-living
  • Food—Source of Energy for man
  • Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues
  • Constituents of food
  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
  • Balanced Diet
  • Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs
  • The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

UPSC NDA Syllabus for History, Freedom Movement

  • Forces shaping the modern world;
  • Renaissance
  • Exploration and Discovery;
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
  • Freedom Movement in India
  • French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution
  • War of American Independence,
  • Impact of Science and Technology on Society
  • Elementary Study of Indian Constitution and Administration
  • Concept of One World
  • Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
  • United Nations,
  • Panchsheel,
  • Panchayati Raj, Democracy, Socialism and Communism
  • Role of India in the Present World
  • Co-operatives and Community Development
  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya,
  • National Integration and Welfare State
  • Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

UPSC NDA Syllabus for Geography

  • The Earth, its shape and size
  • Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
  • Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
  • Concept of time
  • Types of Climate
  • International Date Line
  • Major Natural Regions of the World
  • Movements of Earth and their effects
  • Regional Geography of India
  • Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources;
  • Location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
  • Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
  • Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India
  • Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  • Main items of Imports and Exports of India

UPSC NDA Syllabus for Current Events

Cultural activities and sports activities Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities of both Indian and International level

UPSC NDA 1 Marking Scheme

NDA Examination के लिए अंकन योजना, आयोग द्वारा निर्धारित की गई है। एनडीए परीक्षा के दोनों पेपर यानी Mathematics और GAT में नेगेटिव मार्किंग होती है। विषयवार यूपीएससी एनडीए अंकन योजना के बारे में जानने के लिए नीचे दी गई तालिका देखें।

NDA Paper

Marks for the Correct answer

Marks Incorrect answer

Mathematics 2.5 0.83
GAT 4 1.33

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UPSC NDA 1 Topic-wise Weightage

Here you can check the weightage of Maths, English, and GK.

Mathematics Topic-wise Distribution



Calculus 20-25
Quadratic equation 20-15
Matrices & Determinants 30
Probability 10
Trigonometry 30
Complex number 10-15

English Topic-wise Distribution 

Topic No. of Questions Marks
Spotting Errors 5 20
Comprehension 6 24
Selecting Words 10 40
Ordering of Words in a Sentence 9 36
Sentence Improvement 10 40
Antonyms 5 20
Synonyms 5 20
Total 50 200

General Knowledge Topic-wise Distribution

Topics No. of Questions Marks
Physics 23 92
Chemistry 16 64
General Science 11 44
History & Freedom Movement 16 64
Geography 17 68
Current Affairs 17 68
Total 100 400

UPSC NDA 1 Recruitment 2024

UPSC NDA 1 Minimum Qualifying Marks

  • Minimum qualifying marks for written (out of 900 marks): 355 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)
  • Marks secured by the last candidate in the merit order (out of 1800 marks): 719 marks

UPSC NDA 1 How to Prepare?

हर साल लाखों उम्मीदवार एनडीए परीक्षा में शामिल होते हैं। और इस प्रकार प्रतियोगिता हर बार कठिन होती जा रही है। यहां आप आगामी एनडीए 1 परीक्षा की तैयारी के लिए कुछ युक्तियां देख सकते हैं।

  • Go through the UPSC NDA Exam Pattern and syllabus throughly
  • Solve NDA previous year question papers as many as you can. This will help you in managing time and boost your confidence.
  • Prepare a detailed study plan to cover all the important topics.
  • Start your preparation with NCERT Books
  • whenever necessary, and make notes for final revision

UPSC NDA 1 Books for Preparation



Name and Author of the Book

  • Mathematics for NDA and NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal
  • Quantitative aptitude for competitive examinations by RS Aggarwal
  • NCERT Class 11 and 12th Maths Books
  • History Of Modern India (History) by Bipan Chandra
  • Science and Technology in India (Science and Technology) by Kalpana Rajaram: Spectrum
  • Objective General English for Competitive Exams by S P Bakshi
  • Manorama Yearbook by Mammen Mathew
  • Lucent’s GK

Important Links

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UPSC NDA 1 Official Notification Click Here
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UPSC NDA 1 Exam 2024 Click Here

इस पृष्ठ पर, हमने यूपीएससी एनडीए 1 परीक्षा 2024 के लिए विषयों और उपविषयों की एक विस्तृत सूची प्रदान की है। विवरण की जांच करने के बाद, आगामी अप्रैल परीक्षा की तैयारी शुरू करें। सभी परीक्षाओं के बारे में नवीनतम अपडेट प्राप्त करने के लिए हमारे साथ जुड़े रहें।

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Updated: 05/01/2024 — 8:38 AM

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